28 June 2016

WAS YOUR ANCESTOR AN 8 CENT AN HOUR BREAKER BOY in a COAL MINING HELL HOLE?


VIDEO by James Von Schilling on YOUTUBE  - A testimonial.


Bosses who punished physically... No fingernails left... You didn't dare quit.  Mules not human beings.

25 June 2016

CHILD LABOR - THE LABOR UNIONS IN THE UNITED STATES - AMERICAN HISTORY VIDEOS









EXCELLENT!  National History Day: Child Labor in American History by Holly Chadwick, Ify Akanegbu and Olivia Allen on YOUTUBE


In 1810  2 million children working 50-60 HOURS A WEEK


Earning a dollar a day...
Aren't allowed to wear shoes...


(CONDITIONS LIKE THESE EXIST IN CHINA and MUCH OF ASIA TODAY)

LEWIS W. HINE PHOTOGRAPHED CHILD LABORERS 1908- 1920 UNITED STATES




VIDEO by Michael Jeffries on YOUTUBE


EXCERPT: A look at child labor in the early 20th century in the United States as represented through the photography of Lewis W. Hine. The film documents the use of child labor in industry, including the exploitation of children and the lower classes in American society. Many of the jobs were extremely dangerous and numerous children and adults were injured or killed in the attempt to advance in society. The viewer must understand the context of the situation at the time and think of the individuals from the perspective that it could be one of their ancestors, in order to fully grasp the emotion of the video.

22 June 2016

CHILD LABOR in THE WEST - EXCELLENT!

Your ancestors probably labored as CHILDREN. From coal mines to textile mills, in workhouses, and around the house, farm, or as apprentices to their own fathers, they worked. This means that your ancestors as children contributed to the household economy as well as the economy of their village, settlement, town, and country. IN CONDITIONS THAT WE CONSIDER TO BE ABUSIVE and 3RD WORLD TODAY...


FAQS ORG/CHILDHOOD CHILD LABOR IN THE WEST  full excellent article



EXCERPT:



Life imposed heavy burdens of work on all members of immigrant farm families in North America. Life was even harder for a huge contingent of single immigrant children who migrated from the United Kingdom to Canada between 1869 and 1919. Seventy-three thousand neglected children from urban areas, "unaccompanied by parents and guardians," were transferred to Canadian families, often on remote farms. Ten times as many families as could be provided with a British child volunteered to take one into their homes. The reason for this was that in preindustrial and rural Canada families needed children for the work they could do. The immigrant children worked as farm laborers and domestic servants.


How were the conditions for child laborers in industry compared with agriculture? In France, research shows that industrialization intensified work for some children, as workdays in factories were long and more structured. On the other hand, rural life in late-nineteenth-century France was rigorous and primitive, and young men from certain rural areas were more often rejected for military service than young men from cities, challenging the "misery history" of industrial child labor.


Another historical myth is that industrialization broke down traditional family ties and dissolved working-class families. A case study of what was the world's largest textile plant at the turn of the twentieth century–the Amoskeag Manufacturing Company in New Hampshire–dispels the myth and illustrates how families adapted to changing work patterns and survived. In a sharecropping village outside Bologna, Italy, a local textile mill strengthened family unity by promoting coresidency of children and parents. Rather than passing their childhood as apprentices and servants in the houses of relatives or strangers, children of peasant families now had the opportunity to live at home with their parents while working in manufacturing.

18 June 2016

ORPHANS JSTOR on TRACING ORPHANS IN YOUR ANCESTRY by D. JOSHUA TAYLOR - EXCELLENT!

JSTOR-TRACING ORPHANS IN YOUR ANCESTRY  by D. Joshua Taylor   

EXCERPTS: Many children who ended up institutions or orphanages might not have truly been orphans, but instead might have required the support of an organization. Their father or mother might have passed away, they could be suffering from a variety of ailments, or their parents could simply not afford to be able to provide for them...The first documented orphanage in what is now the United States was opened in New Orleans as early as 1727. Founded by a group of Ursulines the organization’s strong religious ties were central to its mission to help the poor children of New Orleans. Tracing the orphanages of New Orleans, Priscilla Ferguson Clement found that during the antebellum era children admitted to orphanages were not always truly orphans, as some had only lost one parent or had both parents living. In fact by 1915 only 15% of children registered with the New Orleans Board of Prisons and Asylums were reported as full orphans. However, it should be noted that not every orphanage opened their arms to abandoned children. Some New Orleans institutions rejected children under the age of five, due to the high death rate, as well as adolescents, who might have been turned away due to potential behavioral problems....          

16 June 2016

DEFINING ORPHAN : IT'S LIKELY THAT SOME OF YOUR ANCESTORS WERE!

BE AWARE THAT IN THE 19th century and before, an ORPHAN was defined as a child without a father (to support the family) and if you hear that a child was orphaned in your family, their mother or a step-mother may still have been living, and also under pressure to remarry quickly and pragmatically.  Disease didn't respect class.  Women died in childbirth or because of child-bearing, especially while malnourished by today's standards.


Coming up ... Some interesting articles I found on the internet about ORPHANS. 


While you're reading, please consider how many children are living today homeless, malnourished, and impoverished.  Can we hope that their families will prevail as some of us who come from orphan heritage have?


Have your child-bearing ancestors died too young to raise their own children to adulthood?


Think about this question too when you think about who you will help ELECT by VOTING in the elections here in the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

11 June 2016

REVISITING CAROL BOWMAN and CHILDREN'S MEMORIES OF PAST LIVES FORUM (REINCARNATION AS YOUR OWN ANCESTOR?)

CAROL BOWMAN CHILDREN'S PAST LIFE FORUM

I spent a couple hours the other night reading posts from the forum. 

Carol Bowman is one of the most respected researchers into past lives and reincarnation in the Western World.  I find the subject fascinating.  Especially when children remember their state before life on earth, or what happened between lives, or how it is that they came back.   The focus on children is, in part, because children before the age of five tend not be very exposed to history and tend not to have reason to lie.

I've asked myself if I'm the reincarnation of one of my own ancestors, since I'm one of those people who has felt that I got born into the wrong family.  To my knowledge I have not a single relative who thinks like me or is as open as I've been to learning about so many other cultures and spiritual beliefs.  I can't even locate a relative whose much interested in family history or genealogy.

However, there are a number of people in my heritage who were very religious in more conservative, traditional ways, including a few who qualify as Bible addicts.

I discovered one ancestor who may have been, in the middle 1800's to early 1920's a bit of a spiritual tinkerer, and I'm trying to find out more about this Catholic immigrant who was a Mason.

07 June 2016

OUT THE DOOR AS THE SUN RISES TO VOTE IN THE CALIFORNIA PRESIDENTIAL PRIMARY ELECTION

I've been reading around this election like never before, learning more, and feeling very puzzled by all these delegates and Special Delegates to the conventions.  I'VE BEEN FOR A POPULAR VOTE (and to do away with all these games of being elected) FOR YEARS.

When the vote began in this country, it was men only, and men who owned property, much closer to the way things were in Europe where landowners were responsible for supporting the economy and the employers.  It was assumed that poor people were not educated enough (or smart enough) to know who to vote for.  Most of the Presidents we've elected have been wealthy men.  The exceptions give ordinary people the idea that education, luck, maybe success in business and networking, can put a person born poor can make it to the White House.

These days I think the bad voter turn out is more about people not feeling their vote has counted.  After all, more than one thing that people voted for has then gone into the courts, sometimes because state law is in conflict with federal law.

But this year, I for one will be voting with the hope that my candidate will have major impact.

03 June 2016

BLOOD TYPES MORE NUMEROUS THAN THOUGHT

SMITHSONIAN - BLOOD TYPE MORE COMPLICATED THAN YOU THINK   by Daniel A. Gross

EXCERPT:


You’re probably aware of eight basic blood types: A, AB, B and O, each of which can be “positive” or “negative.” They're the most important, because a patient who receives ABO +/– incompatible blood very often experiences a dangerous immune reaction. For the sake of simplicity, these are the types that organizations like the Red Cross usually talk about. But this system turns out to be a big oversimplification. Each of these eight types of blood can be subdivided into many distinct varieties. There are millions in all, each classified according to the little markers called antigens that coat the surface of red blood cells.


There are in fact hundreds of antigens that fall into 33 recognized antigen systems, many of which can cause dangerous reactions during transfusion. One person's blood can contain a long list of antigens, which means that a fully specified blood type has to be written out antigen by antigen—for example, O, r”r”, K:–1, Jk(b-). Try fitting that into that little space on your Red Cross card.